Authentication for decentralized Cyber-Physical Systems

This work is motivated by the need for a suitable authentication mechanism for our proposed decentralized File-based Internet of Things (IoT) System.

NFT-based Authentication for Cyber-Physical Systems in Smart Cities Context

This is Usman’s PhD work. In this work, we proposed a novel authentication mechanism for decentralized Cyber-Physical Systems (CPSs) by integrating block-chain technology and IoT with an expansion to the Non-Fungible Token (NFT) attributes to cater for the needs in CSPs.




  • Usman Khalil, Owais Ahmed Malik, Ong Wee Hong, and Mueen Uddin. 2022. Decentralized Smart City of Things: A Blockchain Tokenization-enabled Architecture for Digitization and Authentication of Assets in Smart Cities. In Proceedings of the 2022 7th International Conference on Cloud Computing and Internet of Things (CCIOT ’22). Association for Computing Machinery, New York, NY, USA, 38–47. (pdf)